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Castles of europe: from charlemagne to the renaissance - Castle - Wikipedia


The word castle is derived from the Latin word castellum , which is a diminutive of the word castrum , meaning "fortified place". The Old English castel , Old French castel or chastel , French château , Spanish castillo , Italian castello , and a number of words in other languages also derive from castellum . [1] The word castle was introduced into English shortly before the Norman Conquest to denote this type of building, which was then new to England. [2]

Castles served a range of purposes, the most important of which were military, administrative, and domestic. As well as defensive structures, castles were also offensive tools which could be used as a base of operations in enemy territory. Castles were established by Norman invaders of England for both defensive purposes and to pacify the country's inhabitants. [6] As William the Conqueror advanced through England, he fortified key positions to secure the land he had taken. Between 1066 and 1087, he established 36 castles such as Warwick Castle , which he used to guard against rebellion in the English Midlands . [7] [8]

Castle is sometimes used as a catch-all term for all kinds of fortifications and, as a result, has been misapplied in the technical sense. An example of this is Maiden Castle which, despite the name, is an Iron Age hill fort which had a very different origin and purpose. [13]

Or – if that’s potentially a bit chilly for you – there’re many tours and trips to help you discover the most magnificent castles within the continent.

Or – if you’ve got a car and the enthusiasm to explore – you could devise your own itinerary around Britain, Germany, Spain or Austria, and discover some magnificent castles en route

There’s one thing I should bring up though before we begin, though. Although there are some exceptions to every rule, few hotels are in Medieval castles. This would be pretty impractical – and freezing cold.

We have selected what we think are 30 Of The Most Beautiful Castles in Europe and I’m sure you’ll enjoy viewing them.  If you’ll look around the net, you’ll  basically see the same castles everywhere. Although we kept some of the most popular castles in our collection too, we aimed (and I think that we succeeded) to gather a diverse, yet unique collection of castles.

Nevertheless, below, you’ll see some really beautiful castles from countries such as France, UK, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Romania, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Poland or Lithuania . That means 11 countries and an extremely diverse palette of styles.  Furthermore, some of the castles are built in the Middle Ages , while the others are built in the 18 or 19 th Century. So, in terms of historical heritage, it should make this article an extremely interesting one.

Another thing, I don’t know if you guys watch or have heard of Downton Abbey (TV Series), but we have selected the beautiful Highclere Castle (where the action takes places) in our collection. Now, enjoy all these unique castles, be inspired and if you will like this article, then please share it with your friends or community! Many thanks! Cheers!

The word castle is derived from the Latin word castellum , which is a diminutive of the word castrum , meaning "fortified place". The Old English castel , Old French castel or chastel , French château , Spanish castillo , Italian castello , and a number of words in other languages also derive from castellum . [1] The word castle was introduced into English shortly before the Norman Conquest to denote this type of building, which was then new to England. [2]

Castles served a range of purposes, the most important of which were military, administrative, and domestic. As well as defensive structures, castles were also offensive tools which could be used as a base of operations in enemy territory. Castles were established by Norman invaders of England for both defensive purposes and to pacify the country's inhabitants. [6] As William the Conqueror advanced through England, he fortified key positions to secure the land he had taken. Between 1066 and 1087, he established 36 castles such as Warwick Castle , which he used to guard against rebellion in the English Midlands . [7] [8]

Castle is sometimes used as a catch-all term for all kinds of fortifications and, as a result, has been misapplied in the technical sense. An example of this is Maiden Castle which, despite the name, is an Iron Age hill fort which had a very different origin and purpose. [13]

Or – if that’s potentially a bit chilly for you – there’re many tours and trips to help you discover the most magnificent castles within the continent.

Or – if you’ve got a car and the enthusiasm to explore – you could devise your own itinerary around Britain, Germany, Spain or Austria, and discover some magnificent castles en route

There’s one thing I should bring up though before we begin, though. Although there are some exceptions to every rule, few hotels are in Medieval castles. This would be pretty impractical – and freezing cold.

The word castle is derived from the Latin word castellum , which is a diminutive of the word castrum , meaning "fortified place". The Old English castel , Old French castel or chastel , French château , Spanish castillo , Italian castello , and a number of words in other languages also derive from castellum . [1] The word castle was introduced into English shortly before the Norman Conquest to denote this type of building, which was then new to England. [2]

Castles served a range of purposes, the most important of which were military, administrative, and domestic. As well as defensive structures, castles were also offensive tools which could be used as a base of operations in enemy territory. Castles were established by Norman invaders of England for both defensive purposes and to pacify the country's inhabitants. [6] As William the Conqueror advanced through England, he fortified key positions to secure the land he had taken. Between 1066 and 1087, he established 36 castles such as Warwick Castle , which he used to guard against rebellion in the English Midlands . [7] [8]

Castle is sometimes used as a catch-all term for all kinds of fortifications and, as a result, has been misapplied in the technical sense. An example of this is Maiden Castle which, despite the name, is an Iron Age hill fort which had a very different origin and purpose. [13]

Or – if that’s potentially a bit chilly for you – there’re many tours and trips to help you discover the most magnificent castles within the continent.

Or – if you’ve got a car and the enthusiasm to explore – you could devise your own itinerary around Britain, Germany, Spain or Austria, and discover some magnificent castles en route

There’s one thing I should bring up though before we begin, though. Although there are some exceptions to every rule, few hotels are in Medieval castles. This would be pretty impractical – and freezing cold.

We have selected what we think are 30 Of The Most Beautiful Castles in Europe and I’m sure you’ll enjoy viewing them.  If you’ll look around the net, you’ll  basically see the same castles everywhere. Although we kept some of the most popular castles in our collection too, we aimed (and I think that we succeeded) to gather a diverse, yet unique collection of castles.

Nevertheless, below, you’ll see some really beautiful castles from countries such as France, UK, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Romania, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Poland or Lithuania . That means 11 countries and an extremely diverse palette of styles.  Furthermore, some of the castles are built in the Middle Ages , while the others are built in the 18 or 19 th Century. So, in terms of historical heritage, it should make this article an extremely interesting one.

Another thing, I don’t know if you guys watch or have heard of Downton Abbey (TV Series), but we have selected the beautiful Highclere Castle (where the action takes places) in our collection. Now, enjoy all these unique castles, be inspired and if you will like this article, then please share it with your friends or community! Many thanks! Cheers!

T here is something about castles that inspires awe and at the same time touches a gentler, more romantic side in each of us. And if you want to visit and tour some of the best castles in the world, then Europe should be your destination as this continent certainly has more than its share. Here are the top 25 castles in Europe, in no particular order.

For many of those that see this castle for the first time, they get a niggling feeling that Castle Neuschwanstein looks so familiar. The reason for this is that the castle looks so much like the Disney castle in Florida! Indeed, some have speculated that that castle was modeled after the “real thing” in Germany. One thing is for sure, this massive castle is quite breathtaking! Built in the 1800s, the castle can be found in Schwangau, in the Bavarian Alps. For the best castle tours in Germany, including a Neuschwanstein castle tour and many other awesome castle tours in Europe, we recommend our trusted tour partner Viator .

Known as one of the most beautiful castles in Europe, Peles Castle can be discovered in the majestic Carpathian Mountains, near the town of Sinaia, Romania. There are 168 rooms in the castle and only 35 are accessible to the public. Recommended rooms include Holul de Onoare, Sala Mare De Arme, Sala De Teatru and Salonul Turcesc . Unfortunately, guided tours are only available of the ground and first floors. Peles Castle is a must-see destination in Romania.

The word castle is derived from the Latin word castellum , which is a diminutive of the word castrum , meaning "fortified place". The Old English castel , Old French castel or chastel , French château , Spanish castillo , Italian castello , and a number of words in other languages also derive from castellum . [1] The word castle was introduced into English shortly before the Norman Conquest to denote this type of building, which was then new to England. [2]

Castles served a range of purposes, the most important of which were military, administrative, and domestic. As well as defensive structures, castles were also offensive tools which could be used as a base of operations in enemy territory. Castles were established by Norman invaders of England for both defensive purposes and to pacify the country's inhabitants. [6] As William the Conqueror advanced through England, he fortified key positions to secure the land he had taken. Between 1066 and 1087, he established 36 castles such as Warwick Castle , which he used to guard against rebellion in the English Midlands . [7] [8]

Castle is sometimes used as a catch-all term for all kinds of fortifications and, as a result, has been misapplied in the technical sense. An example of this is Maiden Castle which, despite the name, is an Iron Age hill fort which had a very different origin and purpose. [13]




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